We find in the Pirkei D’ Rebbi Eliezer Chapter 31 that when the Torah mentions that Yitzchak planted a field, it does not mean that he actually planted a field, rather it means that he gave Tzedaka.

The Rada’l explains based on the Ramban that when Yitzchak wanted to leave Eretz Yisrael for Mitzrayim due to drought and famine, Hashem told him that he may not leave Eretz Yisrael, but he will give him wealth and bracha. Additionally, the Avos never settled in Eretz Yisrael in a permanent home, they never owned any land, with the exception of Avraham owning Mearas HaMachpela and Yaakov owning the land that his tent was pitched on. Therefore, it was impossible that yitzchak would own a field, let alone plant one.

The Midrash continues to tell us that in the merit of this tzedaka, Yitzchak received immense Bracha. The Midrash then says that the mitzvah of giving tzedaka is so strong that it is meritorious of Techiyas HaMeisim. The Midrash goes on to elaborate 3 stories where we see that through tzedaka, people were Zoche to Techiyas HaMeisim.

We find also that the bracha referring to Yitzchak (Gevura) in Shmoneh Esrei is the bracha of Mechaye Meisim.

What is the connection between Techiyas Hameisim, Tzedaka and Yitzchak Avinu?


Yitzchak had his servant dig wells, however, if  Yitzchak was always traveling why was he digging wells?

The Shem MiShmuel explains from his father, that the digging of the wells can be explained allegorically: A well is covered with dirt and one must remove the dirt in order to reach the water. Once you take water it keeps flowing, however, when you stop drawing the water, the well will dry up again. Yitzchak was telling his servants / students that in order to become close to Hashem you must remove the gashmius and that which is blocking yourselves from accessing the deepest annals and feelings of your heart. Once you uncover this and get rid of the stone from your heart, you can draw from an overflowing wellspring of insight and closeness to Hashem.

When Yaakov went to Charan and lifted a stone off the well with his little finger, perhaps the explanation is, that for him, as Yitzchak’s son, it really was not a major feat to remove even the heaviest stone from his heart. Perhaps he was removing the stone from the hearts of the shepherds and giving them fresh insight into their souls.  When Rochel saw this, she saw someone with a heart of flesh and not a heart of stone. She saw the shechina and she cried, as that was the expression of her heart.

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